Many are also taught the use of weapons and are recruited as ‘soldiers’ in armed conflicts. H02:human trafficking does not have any effect on the economic growth of Nigeria . Research Cyber Team hopes this article was helpful. H1: human trafficking does have a negative impact on the image of Nigeria in the committee of nation. Unlike the trans-Atlantic slave trade where the European merchant come to Africa to take away the slaves, the new form of slavery involves traffickers taking away the victims not for the benefit of the receivers or the victims per say but for the benefit of the perpetrators. Nigerian gangs are one of the largest distributors of opium in the world. Prior to the abolition of slave trade and slavery in the early 19th century, human beings were sold as commodities to merchants by kings and warriors in exchange for goods. Another factor behind the trafficking in women in Nigeria is the non-enforcement of legislation criminalizing the practice. It undermines the border integrity as millions of people are transported annually across national boundaries under false pretences where officials are corrupted and the state sovereignty is affected. Of the over 70,000 African victims of women trafficking, Nigerian women account for 70 percent of those trafficked to Italy alone. Effects of Human Trafficking on Household Farm Labor Availability Among Arable Farming Households in Delta State, Nigeria Abstract: Trafficking in persons, especially women and girls has been on for long and is still going on. This study focuses on the causes, effects and remedies of Child . Therefore, in order to eliminate the problem of human trafficking from Nigeria, it is necessary to address the issues of poverty, unemployment, and illiteracy adequately. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. According to the Department of Health and Human Services, the physical injuries associated with Sexual Exploitation are: Broken bones, concussions, burns Traumatic brain injury – perhaps resulting in memory loss Dizziness, headaches, and numbness It is lucrative and is linked with criminal activity and corruption, as it is often hidden and hard to address. It followed that “no court, British or Native, may in any way whatever recognize the status of slavery in the Southern Provinces of Nigeria” (Lugard, 1919). Bad governance in Nigeria has resulted to a high of corruption, lack of transparency, lack of accountability, total disregards to laws of the land, lack of respect for human lives. In general, women and girls are more vulnerable to HIV and AIDs infection, thus trafficked girls and women are most at risk. However, for the purpose of this article, we shall dwell on women trafficking. National Agency for Prohibition of Traffic In Persons and Other Related Matters (NAPTIP), Human trafficking is the trade of humans, most commonly for the purpose of forced labour, sexual slavery, or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others. Background on the Crisis of Human Trafficking in Nigeria. The slave trade refers to the transatlantic trading patterns which were established as early as the mid-17th century. The scope of this study covers impact of human trafficking in Nigerian state with emphasis on Edo state, but in the cause of the study, there were some factors which militated against the scope of the study; a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study. ABSTRACT . From the foregoing, the following recommendations are made to stem the tide of the trafficking of women in Nigeria: Poverty and massive unemployment are the major factors responsible for trafficking of women in Nigeria. According to UNICEF, the consequences of women trafficking from Nigeria include loss of lives, increasing prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS, increase in violence and crime rate, increased school drop-out rates, impaired child development, poor national image and massive deportation of Nigerian girls and women. H 2: human trafficking does have a significant effect on the economic growth of Nigeria. Human Trafficking’s Effects on Families and Its Victims Human trafficking is a worldwide problem and can happen anywhere, to anyone, and at any time. Trafficked Nigerian women and children are recruited from rural areas within the country’s borders. Regards! However, upon arrival in their country of destination, many of these women discover to their dismay that it is not the much-expected greener pasture, as the majority of them found them trapped in forced prostitution, saddled with exorbitant debts and compelled to work under unbearable conditions. In reaction to these inclement conditions the people felt maligned and marginalized with consequent effects of being unpatriotic to the country. There seems to be agreement amongst both academic and practitioners’ administrators that at the center of all Nigeria’s problem is the problem of leadership (Bello-Imam and Robert, 1995:1-2). In this article, we take a look at the causes and effects of child trafficking due to the fact that the menace is a serious public health problem in many parts of the world particularly in developing countries like Nigeria. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. According to statistics by the U.S. Department of State, globally, 2 million children are trafficked into the sex trade each year. On August 31, 1916 the British colonial administration prohibited slavery in Southern Provinces by the enactment of a decree to that effect. This study was conducted to determine the effects of human trafficking on household farm labor needs available among farming households. Human trafficking is therefore the worst form of human rights violations and a gender based violence against female who constitute the majority of the victims in the country. Findings indicate that trafficked women from Nigeria mainly go to Europe for prostitution, especially Italy, Spain, Belgium, France and the Netherlands. THE EFFECTS OF CHILD AND HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIA, Largest Undergraduate Projects Repository, Research Works and Materials. Human trafficking has adverse effects on the individual and nations involved. Trafficking in women is a global problem affecting large numbers of girls and women. Summary: From available statistics, an estimated 500,000 women are brought into the United States of America and Europe yearly for sexual and domestic exploitation and servitude. … Chapter two highlight the theoretical framework on which the study its based, thus the review of related literature. Women and girls are for voluntary domestic servitude and sexual exploitation while boys […] Unfortunately, in the past two or more decades this obnoxious trade and dehumanizing trade has resurfaced in a more dangerous and horrific manner vis a viz human trafficking otherwise known as modern day slavery. The general factors that increase vulnerability to trafficking in Nigeria include extreme poverty (now the world’s poverty capital), corruption, conflict, climate change/resulting migration and western consumerism. The trafficking as well as abuse of illicit drugs has various adverse effects on both the users, traffickers and the nation at large. The paper attempts to articulate the effects of the illicit business on Nigeria national image. Persons in the female group constitute the mostly trafficked humans. From our findings, poverty is the single most important factor responsible for the migration of Nigerian girls and women for prostitution abroad. Actually, in many rural Nigerian villages and even urban centers, it is common to find young women and girls who were sold into prostitution in Italy and elsewhere and who had contracted AIDS abandoned to their fate. The global trade of ‘human goods’ seems to have attained a level comparable to those of the illicit trades in drugs and weapons. Moreover, trafficked persons may be forced to perform those sexual practices most associated with AIDS transmission. Many of those who are trafficked to Europe for prostitution have tended to be from Edo, and Delta States. Human trafficking, especially of young girls and women into exploitative commercial and sexual labor, is gaining local, national and international attention from humanity across the globe. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Regrettably, Nigeria occupies the ignoble position of a source, transit and destination country for trafficking. Traffickers are trained to identify vulnerability and use expert manipulation tactics to persuade and control their victims. They also ushered in a modern era of revolutionary ideas of liberty, freedom and equality among Nigerian people under the British colonial state. Copyright © 2017 ResearchCyber.com. By this decree “every slave in the Southern Provinces was liberated”. By creating an environment of violence, crime and fear, criminal networks undermine the rule of law, weaken public safety and threaten the overall safety and development of a community. In the case of those trafficked for purposes of commercial sex work, their vulnerability is increased because trafficked persons are unable to insist upon condom use. According to Advocacy Project, Nigerian women make up 70 per cent of approximately 70,000 African victims of trafficking and about 70 percent of these Nigerian women end up in Italy. For instance, at independence in 1960 and shortly afterwards, and especially with the ascendancy of oil as the dominant source of state revenue, Nigeria was blessed with the requisite human and material resources to ensure its development. Indeed, it became illegal and vexatious even to raise the issue in reference to an individual or group. Human trafficking is a human right violation and every year; thousands of men, women and children are trafficked by those known to them and in their own communities too. Trafficking in human beings for sexual exploitation is a major problem in France and mainly affects victims from Nigeria, China, Romania and Bulgaria. Women who have been trafficked face a range of dangers, including violence and sexual abuse. All Rights Reserve, Causes and Effects of Human Trafficking in Nigeria. The major causes of child trafficking in Nigeria are as follows; broken homes, unemployed parents, poverty, and death of parents among others. I. The United States is the single most important consumer of hard drugs that pass through Nigeria. This study identifies the major causes of child trafficking that stand as a bottleneck in Nigeria. Trafficking in Persons is therefore, a global and serious security threat to all the countries of the world. Criminal groups are involved in the smuggling of illegal substances to Europe, Asia, South Africa, and North America. effect of human trafficking in the society, INFLUENCE OF SINGLE PARENTING ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL, INFLUENCE OF INDUSTRIAL ACTION ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS, Factors Influencing Truancy Among Senior Secondary School Students, Impact of Child Labour on School Attendance and Academic Performance of Pupils in Public Primary Schools in Niger State, Impact of Sexuality Education in Reducing Unprotected Intercourse Among Adolescents, A Comparative Analysis Between Student’s Competence in Mathematics and their Performance in Physics, The Effect of Broken Homes on Academic Performance of Secondary School Students, Influence of Schooling, Gender and Location on Adolescents’ Knowledge of and Attitude Towards Child Trafficking in Edo State, Causes and Consequences of Single Parenthood, Perception of Pre-marital Sexual Relationship Among Students of Tertiary Institutions, The Pattern and Nature of Seasonal Film Viewership Among University of Maiduguri Students, An Assessment of the Usage of Computer Application in the Teaching and Learning of Mathematics, UTILIZATION OF ICT IN TEACHING TVET SUBJECT IN NIGERIAN POLYTECHNIC. Bad governance in Nigeria has resulted to a high of corruption, lack of transparency, lack of accountability, total disregards to laws of the land, lack of respect for human lives. H 0 2: human trafficking does not have any effect on the economic growth of Nigeria. From the analysis, it was found that human trafficking brings about total moral breakdown in peaceful marriages or home, human trafficking terminates academic careers and also brings poor national image or poor reputation of the state. Narcotic trafficking is one of the causes of insecurity in Nigeria. Women trafficking pose a serious danger to Nigerian women because of the high incidence of Human Immune-deficiency Virus/Acquired Immune-deficiency Syndrome HIV/AIDS infection among deported Nigerian girls and women. Trafficking in Nigeria using Ijebu-Ode Local Government Area of Ogun State as a case study. Human trafficking may seem like a distant problem, but we are unwittingly involved any time we buy something made by exploited labor, writes Jane Mosbacher Morris, former director of … In this article, we take a look at the causes and consequences of the human trafficking in Nigeria with a view to proffering possible solutions to the problem. The negatives trends have had and continue to have system-wide effects in Nigeria, which ported uncertainly in the provision of these basic needs to the citizenry. Human trafficking is known as “modern day slavery”. Often, women migrants who had no access to jobs often take to prostitution as an option. Furthermore, human trafficking has far-reaching social, economic, health and political consequences. Ask us anything! Findings indicate that some of the factors responsible for human trafficking in Nigeria include unemployment, poverty, and ignorance. For your research project (both under-graduate and post-graduate), term-paper, report, or article; kindly call Thompson – 0703 022 8325. However, it was not until 1874 that the first Ordinance was enacted prohibiting slave dealing and internal traffic in slaves within the Crown colony of Lagos (Lugard, 1919). Dangers Of Drug Trafficking. b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study. READ ALSO: Human trafficking in Nigeria – Facts As a result of unemployment, many Nigerian citizens struggle to keep their heads above water. EFFECTS OF DRUGS TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIA. Many trafficked persons have other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) due to forced and unsafe sexual activities. The study will also be of great importance to researchers who intend to embark on study in a similar topic as the study will serve as a reference point, finally the study will also be of great importance to student, lecturers, teachers and the general public as the findings will add to existing literature. In this article, we identified the causes and consequences of human (women) trafficking from Nigeria to America and Europe. Those who have large debts can easily become victims of slavery and exploitation. Two main reasons are responsible for the prevalence of human trafficking in Nigeria. This encouraged many youths to begin to emigrate from Nigeria in large number and, in most cases, to Europe, Asia and America. There are also adverse … It is in view of this trend that the researcher intends to investigate the impact of human trafficking in Nigerian state. Some of the trafficked women chose to migrate for sex work because of the realization that the sex trade is profitable. c) FINANCE: The finance available for the research work does not allow for wider coverage as resources are very limited as the researcher has other academic bills to cover. They identify a void and offer to fill it. Causes of Child Labor and Street Hawking in Nigeria, Effects/Impacts of Child Labor in Nigeria, Causes and Effects of Climate Change in Nigeria, Vocational and Technical Education in Nigeria, Causes and Effects of Insecurity in Northern Nigeria, Effect of Insecurity in Nigeria on Economic Development, A Major Cause of Insecurity in Nigeria: Corruption, Climate Change, Conflict, and Insecurity in Nigeria. (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); Use this article as a guide for your own research paper (if properly cited). Download Undergraduate Projects Topics and Materials Accounting, Economics, Education Trafficking can also lead to cognitive impairment, memory loss, depression, and even suicide. Several studies indicate high levels of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in survivors. 1. There is also the more worrisome health impact of women trafficking. At least 100 million children worldwide live at least part of their time on streets and work in the urban informal sector (Quame, 2007). The suppression of trans-Atlantic slave trade in what later became Nigeria began with the British military expedition on Lagos territory and the subsequent declaration of the area British Crown colony in 1861. Your email address will not be published. They begins to loose faith and confidence in a government that constitutionally promised the citizens “equality of right, obligations and opportunities before the law” and that “the security and welfare of the people shall be the primary purpose of the government” without providing access able and affordable health care and food, education, roads, shelter, employment and poverty etc. In this world, there are two types of human trafficking: labor trafficking and sex trafficking. Unfortunately, contemporary evidence shows that these expectations have not materialized even after decades the nation independence one possible explanation is that the expectations become lost on alter of national economic difficulties and series of political failures due to bad governance being experienced at the different levels of government (Oromareghake and Akpotor, 2007:310). These include, firstly, harsh living conditions mostly characterized by poverty, unemployment, and a lack of opportunities in the country, secondly, the demand that exists in the rich countries of the West. Traffickers prey on others weaknesses, unfortunate circumstances, unfamiliarity, and inexperience. In summary, the major causes behind the trafficking of women in Nigeria include widespread unemployment and poverty, a high level of illiteracy and ignorance, poor living standards as well as burdens of desperation of poor and illiterate parents with large families who are ignorant of the consequences of human trafficking. Although more than 90 percent of the girls and women trafficked from Nigeria are believed to come from the southern part of the country with Edo State leading ( with 90%) followed by Delta (5%) and the rest of the country trailing with 5%, human trafficking in the northern part of the country is believed to be growing. Though the Nigerian constitution prohibits the buying and selling of human beings for prostitution, the law has had little impact due to corruption. According to UNICEF, the consequences of women trafficking from Nigeria include loss of lives, increasing prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS, increase in violence and crime rate, increased school drop-out rates, impaired child development, poor national image and massive deportation of Nigerian girls and women. The UN Trust Fund for Human Security to buttress the issue states that Trafficking in Persons separates families, erodes social bonds, and undermines the political, social, economic and cultural prospects of communities. Trafficked minors are all the more vulnerable due to their age. Child Trafficking in Nigeria: Causes, Effects and Solutions. This involves the act and attempted act of recruitment and transportation of persons (both male and female) within or across borders. For the successful completion of the study the researcher formulate the following hypotheses; H0: human trafficking does not have any negative impact on the image of Nigeria in the committee of nation, H1: human trafficking does have a negative impact on the image of Nigeria in the committee of nation, H02: human trafficking does not have any effect on the economic growth of Nigeria, H2: human trafficking does have a significant effect on the economic growth of Nigeria, It is believed that at the completion of the study, the findings will be of great importance to NAPTIP (national agency for prohibition of traffic in person) as the study seeks to enumerate the dangers of human trafficking on the economic growth of Nigeria. Human trafficking has deleterious effects on the health of societies in which trafficking flourishes, and to the authority of the state itself. Due to unemployment in Nigeria, Nigerians seek to migrate to work in richer countries in order to improve their economic standing at home. They are forced into heavy physical labor in hazardous environment. Strained International Relations Unfortunately, the dynamic of the country’s history has imposed on it a succession of leaders who ruled in such a way that sharply contradicts “good governance” It is pertinent to know that, our past and present leaders failed the nation. The major reasons for the persistence of the ugly phenomenon of human trafficking in Nigeria include pervasive poverty, unemployment, greed etc for the purpose of forced labour, domestic servitude, sexual exploitation, and rituals. Under such circumstances, the victims are exploited as cheap labor in the restaurant trade or the sex industry through forced marriage and illegal adoption. Therefore, there is the need to make efforts to address the root causes of the trafficking of women, which among others are poverty and unemployment. Your email address will not be published. When Nigeria attained independence in 1960, there were very hopes of its potential for sustainable development perhaps the hopes were based on a robust, endowment of the nation, both in human and natural resources in the country. Chapter two highlight the theoretical framework on which the study impact due to their age Italy alone within across. And effects of human trafficking does have a negative impact on the data collection analysis. Homes are normally said to be broken when married couples divorce of recruitment and of... Adverse effects on the economic growth of Nigeria large numbers of girls and women these merchants provided and... Even suicide equality among Nigerian people under the British colonial state the end of as! 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