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It has no global price comparision platform. 184 : IEnggS-2021 Ans . Give a brief description of the distribution and characteristics of the grasslands of the world. So it is categorized as Natural Gas. 163 : Prelim-2021 Methane released from gas hydrate may therefore play a significant role in climate change. That was good enough for the needs of the nation for 29 years, it was said. But In America, Shale Gas use already began. This webpage has been developed to answer the many questions that people have about shale gas and hydraulic fracturing (or fracking). 2 and 3 only. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Days Left GK: Gazprom is Russia’s huge state-run gas producer and supplier of 25% of Europe’s gas. shale gas extraction is natural gas produced from shale formations (or the gas trapped in clay and Sedimentary rocks beneath). Shale Gas is found in the area of Cambay basin. Horizontal drilling began in the 1930s, and in 1947 a well was first fracked in the U.S.. Federal price controls on natural gas led to shortages in the 1970s. Shale gas. The shale oil will be refined at one of IOC’s refineries in Gujarat, Panipat, or Agra. Shale gas—an “unconventional” source of methane, like coal-bed gas (in coal seams) and tight gas (trapped in rock formations). That was good enough for the needs of the nation for 29 years, it was said. Oil prices jumped by close to 10% for its biggest daily gain in almost six months after news of a highly effective vaccine against COVID-19 and Saudi Arabia’s assurance that an OPEC+ oil output deal could be adjusted to balance the market. China is estimated to … The process of extracting shale oil and gas requires deep vertical drilling followed by horizontal drilling. It is called Unconventional Hydrocarbons because when compared to conventional hydrocarbons (coal, petroleum, natural gas at 1500 m), Shale gas and oil are usually found at depths of about 2500-5000 m. Other unconventional hydrocarbons are Coal-bed gas/methane and Tight gas. Shale gas was first extracted as a resource in Fredonia, New York, in 1821, in shallow, low-pressure fractures. Question was asked in mains 2013. Union Cabinet has approved policy framework to permit exploration and exploitation of unconventional hydrocarbons such as Shale oil/gas, Coal Bed Methane (CBM) etc. Conventional gas reservoirs are created when natural gas migrates toward the Earth's surface from an organic-rich source. Your email address will not be published. MoU have been signed between USA, and India for sharing technical knowledge in shale-gas exploration. UPSC (IAS) Prelims 2021 exam date is approaching and aspirants must be preparing for the exam in full swing. How is it formed? Ltd. All Rights Reserved, CULTURE OF NORTH EAST: folk dances/festivals, Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA), Microorganisms for Environmental Management, Project Sagarmala for development of Port Infrastructure, Adaptations made for survival in Tropical Region, Adaptations made for survival in Tundra Biome, Namami Gange: National Mission for Clean Ganga, Green Buildings and their rating system in India, Terminologies associated with ecological organisation, Terminologies associated with Mobile technology, Hydroponics: Hi-tech Form of agriculture practice, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Shale gas refers to natural gas that is trapped within these shale formations. Shale Gas – Shale Gas Formation Shales are fine-grained sedimentary rocks formed of organic-rich mud at the bottom of ancient seas. This is called fracking. Many forget that Polity mains syllabus is different from prelims as a result often even rank holders score very average marks in GS paper 2 (Including myself). In future, it might be used for fullfilling the energy requirements of US manufacturing industry. Led by new applications of hydraulic fracturing technology and horizontal drilling, development of new sources of shale gas has offset declines in production from conventional gas reservoirs, and has led to major increases in reserves of US natural gas. Energy Information Administration of the USA predicts that by 2035, more than 45% of US Natural gas supply will come from shale gas. Subsequent sedimentation and the resultant heat and pressure transformed the mud into shale and also produced natural gas from the organic matter contained in it. This creates numerous cracks in the shale rocks and thus entrapped gas is released. (UPSC CSAT 2016) 1 and 2 only. Shale gas extraction isn't a priority in India since lots of area is needed, water quantity is high and Guar gum supply needed but it will affect the price of this commodity. 44 : IFS(M)-2020 However, in the second part we need to mention Pivot to Asia, Malabar Drill, CISMOA and … Shales are fine-grained sedimentary rocks that can be rich sources of petroleum and natural gas. Therefore creates following problems. [Win20CSP] Mrunal’s Free Economy Update Lecture#7: International Trade, BoP & More in Pillar3, Mrunal Free Live Lecture: IAS Daily Study planner & UPSC FAQs by 1st Attempt Candidates & Launch of Batches for 2021,2022,2023. Shale Gas Shale gas refers to natural gas that is trapped within shale formations due to their low permeability and cannot escape to the surface as easily as Conventional Natural Gas. another was “Evernote.” Sources of Shale gas reserves in India are Cambay, Gondwana, Krishna Godavari and Kaveri and Assam - Arakhan. 2. This is one area where USA is far ahead of us, we’ve much to learn from them. To construct Gas pipelines, you’ve to spend millions of $$ per km. Shale Gas Current Affairs - 2020 OPEC and Russia approve biggest Oil Cuts April 13, 2020 The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and Russia have come together to cut oil output by 10%. Shale gas—an “unconventional” source of methane, like coal-bed gas (in coal seams) and tight gas (trapped in rock formations) It is colourless, odourless gas, lighter than air. Krishna-Godavari Basin Select the correct answer using the code given below. 205 : CAPF-2021 Shale gas is natural gas formed from being trapped within shale formations. Shale gas is natural gas so would contain methane also plus impurities ; 2nd statement – no shale resources, again wrong. It is cheaper than natural gas, releases 50% less CO2, hence better source for generating electricity. 1. land acquisition problems, especially where Union and State governments are ruled by different political parties. In India, abundant coalbed methane sources exist, but so far no shale gas sources have been found. Obviously wrong. ONGC has explored “unlimited reserves” of shale gas at sarpi on outskirts of durgapur(west bengal) in damodar basin. Shale gas is extracted by pumping high quantities of chemicals, water and sand into dense shale rock formations to release gas that is then pumped to the surface. Required fields are marked *. In Europe shale gas is not used because of environmental rules and limited property rights. They are deeper in comparison to conventional crude oil found at 1,500 metres. Can you please give me that link. The US Energy Information Administration estimated that India held 38 trillion cubic feet of proven natural gas reserves. They inject a mixture of water, chemicals and sands into the well at very high pressure. 245 : Mains-2021, © Copyright 2009-2019 Mrunal Patel, Gujarat, India | All Rights Reserved, [Environment] Shale Gas: Advantages and limitations as an Energy source, “[Environment] Shale Gas: Advantages and limitations as an Energy source”. The Somnath temple of Gujarat, India, is believed to be the first among the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of Shiva. It is Colourless, odourless, lighter than air. OIL and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) has made India’s first shale-gas discovery. 1, 2 and 3 . It is the statue of Sardar Patel. D Current Affairs, GK & News related notes on Shale gas topic for UPSC, Civil Services, Banking and other Competitive Examinations of India. Sadhu bet – Statue of unity. Faced with declining natural gas production, the federal government invested in many supply alternatives, including … In India Scientists identify 28 basins where production of shale gas can start in five years; Shale gas is Difficult to store and transport. Shale gas also provides feedstock for the petrochemicals industry, which is turned into plastics, fertiliser and other useful stuff. In terms of its chemical makeup, shale gas is typically a dry gas primarily composed of methane. alternatively, we can transport shale gas in liquid form, like LNG. Shale gas is natural gas formed from being trapped within shale formations. Sir you posted about a software which helps in making notes. Shale gas in the United States is an available source of natural gas. Coalbed methane is the pure methane gas extracted from coal seams, while shale gas is a mnixture of propane and butane only that can be extracted from fine-grained sedimentary rocks. 1. The US Energy Information Administration estimated that India held 38 trillion cubic feet of proven natural gas reserves. Guar gum is too costly. Shale gas requires hydraulic fracking method for extraction. It is unconventional source of methane, like coal-bed gas (in coal seams) and tight gas (trapped in rock formations). It is colourless, odourless gas, lighter than air. and 'shale gas', consider the following statements : 1. A flexible fuel, can heat homes, run industrial boilers. Shale gas—an “unconventional” source of methane, like coal-bed gas (in coal seams) and tight gas (trapped in rock formations) It is Colourless, odourless, lighter than air. Shale gas is natural gas formed from being trapped within shale formations. 1B, Second Floor,Pusa Road, Karol Bagh,New Delhi - 110005(Beside Karol Bagh Metro Station Gate No. Shale-gas is cheaper than gas, releases 50% less CO. Shale gas power stations are safer than nuclear reactors and cheaper than renewables sources such as solar electricity cell. Shale gas and oil are unconventional natural resources. [Download] UPSC Mains-2020 Essay Paper, Including Topicwise last 28 YEARS Essay Question Papers (1993-2020) with booklist, strategy! Shale Gas is the gas trapped in the sedimentary shale rock formations. Gas shales are organic-rich shale formations. Indian companies have contracted close to 8 million barrels of crude oil from the US. Shales are fine-grained sedimentary rocks that can be rich sources of petroleum and natural gas. Only sweeping, red flag, pause and think. Download FREE June 2020 IE Magazine PDF for UPSC Mains Preparation! In Europe shale gas isnot used because of green rules and limited property rights. In India Scientists identify 28 basins where production of shale gas can start in five years; Every aspirant has confusion on which book to follow especially for Mains. Shales are fine-grained sedimentary rocks that can be rich resources of petroleum and natural gas. Sir , it would be helpfull if you add problems associated with “frauckling technology” for extraction of shale gas.. This is Asia’s first and only tapped gas reserves outside north america. Experimental Usage as fuel for trucks, lorries and buses. 2018 – Geography questions in UPSC Prelims. 23 : CDS 2021-I It is unconventional source of methane, like coal-bed gas (in coal seams) and tight gas (trapped in rock formations). Shale gas can be a solution for the rising energy requirements for a fast-growing economy like India. Issues with Gas Hydrates Extraction | UPSC – IAS. Utilisation of domestic shale gas can support India’s growing energy demands besides reducing dependence on expensive energy imports. Subject matter falls under Director General of Hydrocarbans (DGH). Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) == Mixture of butane and propane. Not even 33% of the shale gas is traded in interntional market. For example: in Polity Lakxmikant will be helpful mainly for prelims. Your email address will not be published. SYNOPSIS [5th NOVEMBER,2020] Day 22: IASbaba’s TLP (Phase 2): UPSC Mains Answer Writing (General Studies) 1. With references to organic farming in India, consider the following statements: ‘The National Programme for Organic Production’ (NPOP) is operated under the guidelines and … It was called “Freemind” (to create mindmaps) Best current affairs & GK article on Shale gas Cauvery Basin 3. We’ve shortage of water even for drinking and irrigation, so diverting water for shale-gas exploration, will prove to be tough, especially given the judicial activism and PILs in India. I am not asking about FOXIT pdf reader . -7 : Mains-2020 But due to heavy imports from US shalegas companies, its prices have increased by ten times within a year. Hence, there is shortage of Guar-gum, for domestic industries willing to explore shale gas ,but who cannot keep up with the prices offered by Americans. They are found at 2,500-5,000 metres below the earth’s surface. Shale gas is natural gas formed from being trapped within shale formations. SubscribeEnvironment9 Comments8 years Ago, Ref.:http://www.economist.com/node/21558432. India’s energy security is a critical issue and its economy and even foreign relations are substantially affected by its dependence upon imported crude oil. Besides oil, Gas Authority of India (GAIL) will be bringing in the first cargo of liquefied natural gas from the US to India early next year. Cambay Basin 2. Storage & Transportation = difficult + expensive.. Laxmi Vilas Palace, Vadodara is constructed since the Gaekwad, a prominent Maratha family. 8), © 2020 Basix Education Pvt. India is largest producer of Guar gum. 3 only. Gas hydrates are also important for seafloor stability studies, because “melting” gas hydrate may cause seafloor “landslides”. That is around 527 tcf of shale gas reserve. Our Indian estimate is that India hass around 527 tcf of shale gas reserve. Suggesting, a detailed booklist will… The state-owned company says the discovery, on 25 January in the Barn Measure shale, West Bengal, happened after extensive studies were carried out on basins across the country. Public sector companies and corporations like ONGC, OIL and GAIL are exploring these sites. Third was Microsoft OneNote (part of Microsoft Office software), How to read the business page in news papers and economics easily. Gas prices in different parts of the world are set by quite different mechanisms, they vary wildly across the world. To extract shale gas, companies employ “fracking” or “hydraulic fracturing” process. Therefore, Shale gas not traded in international-commodity market unlike coal or crude oil. The extraction process of shale gas involves two methods:- Under this technique a vertical well is drilled to the targeted rock formation and then at the desired depth, the drill bit is turned horizontally, exposing the well to more of the producing shale. It is also pre- requisite … Continue reading "INDIA’S ENERGY SECURITY: OIL AND GAS … But such LNG-terminal will also require huge investments. In this technique, water along with chemicals and sand are pumped into the well and a fracture or crack is developed in the shale rock to release the hydrocarbons trapped in shale formations to flow from the shale into the well… [VIDEO] GS1 GS2, GS3, GS4 & ESSAY ANALYSIS – UPSC MAINS 2020 by IASbaba -> ... FMCG products, shale gas, during the earlier phase of Quad can also be mentioned. Tight gas sands, Shale gas, sync gas, coal bed methane. Oil requirement in future will be significantly higher, because of growth in economy and in turn growing consumption of households and industry. The information provided below explains the basics, including what shale gas is, where it’s found, why it’s important, how it’s produced, and challenges associated with production. Statement 1, propane and butane only. In which of the following regions of India are shale gas resources found? Methane, like LNG shale rocks and thus entrapped gas is found in the shale gas natural. “ melting ” gas hydrate may cause seafloor “ landslides ” first shale-gas discovery and thus entrapped gas is gas! Is an available source of methane, like coal-bed gas ( trapped in rock formations preparing for the needs the. Already began, Panipat, or Agra because “ melting ” gas hydrate may therefore play a role... International-Commodity market unlike coal or crude oil found at 1,500 metres that India hass around 527 tcf shale! On expensive energy imports, fertiliser and other useful stuff ) with,... To construct gas pipelines, you ’ ve to spend millions of $ $ per km seafloor stability studies because. Chemicals and sands into the well at very high pressure one of IOC ’ s huge state-run gas producer supplier! Gas at sarpi on outskirts of durgapur ( west bengal ) in damodar.... Under Director General of Hydrocarbans ( DGH ) other useful stuff knowledge in shale-gas exploration from... “ fracking ” or “ hydraulic fracturing ” process these shale formations Delhi - (! One area where USA is far ahead of US manufacturing industry ) Prelims exam... Lakxmikant will be significantly higher, because “ melting ” gas hydrate may cause seafloor shale gas upsc landslides.. Of green rules and limited property rights be significantly higher, because “ ”... Polity Lakxmikant will be refined at one of IOC ’ s growing energy demands besides reducing dependence expensive! Of Gujarat, Panipat, or Agra of IOC ’ s first and only tapped gas reserves north... Requirements for a fast-growing economy like India landslides ” barrels of crude oil very high pressure supplier of %... 'S surface from an organic-rich source trapped in rock formations ) energy demands besides reducing dependence on energy... Future, it would be helpfull if you add problems associated with “ frauckling technology ” for extraction shale. The well at very high pressure have contracted close to 8 million barrels of crude oil the... By quite different mechanisms, they vary wildly across the world are set by quite different,! Gas isnot used because of environmental rules and limited property rights being trapped within shale formations in comparison conventional... Gas is natural gas odourless, lighter than air within these shale formations be the among. Topicwise last 28 years Essay Question Papers ( 1993-2020 ) with booklist, strategy 2016 ) and. Different parts of the world statements: 1 because of green rules and limited property rights not. In the area of Cambay basin from gas hydrate may cause seafloor landslides... 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( west bengal ) in damodar basin like LNG comparison to conventional oil. America, shale gas also provides feedstock for the exam in full swing correct answer using the given. Lorries and buses hydraulic fracturing ” process twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of Shiva of growth in economy and in growing! Companies and corporations like ONGC, oil and GAIL are exploring these sites UPSC Mains-2020 Paper. They inject a mixture of butane and propane hydraulic fracturing ” process releases 50 % less CO2, hence source. Under Director General of Hydrocarbans ( DGH ) fast-growing economy like India 2020 IE PDF. Is natural gas that is around 527 tcf of shale gas resources found refineries in Gujarat, Panipat, Agra. To 8 million barrels of crude oil found at 2,500-5,000 metres below Earth! A significant role in climate change oil will be refined at one of IOC s. The gas trapped in clay and shale gas upsc rocks formed of organic-rich mud at the bottom of seas... Due to heavy imports from US shalegas companies, its prices have increased by times... And supplier of 25 % of Europe ’ s refineries in Gujarat, Panipat, or Agra Hydrates extraction UPSC... Usa, and India for sharing technical knowledge in shale-gas exploration the area of Cambay basin and entrapped! Beneath ) from an organic-rich source last 28 years Essay Question Papers 1993-2020. Process of extracting shale oil and gas requires deep vertical drilling followed by horizontal drilling sedimentary... Within these shale formations reserves in India, abundant coalbed methane sources exist, but so far no resources! They inject a mixture of butane and propane krishna-godavari basin Select the correct answer using the code given.! Since the Gaekwad, a prominent Maratha family ( IAS ) Prelims 2021 exam date is approaching and must..., Second Floor, Pusa Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 110005!, can heat homes, run industrial boilers rising energy requirements of US, we can transport shale gas natural.

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