Reports continued of poor migration management and poor regulation of the labor broker industry leading to debt bondage and exploitation of Vietnamese citizens abroad. The government did not take steps to deny entry of known U.S. sex offenders. Inconsistent with international law, Article 150 applied to children between the ages of 16 and 17 years old and required a demonstration of force, fraud, or coercion to constitute a sex trafficking offense; therefore, it did not criminalize all forms of child sex trafficking. Coordinator for the Arctic Region, Bureaus and Offices Reporting Directly to the Secretary, Office of the Coordinator for Cyber Issues, Office of the U.S. • Expand training for social workers, first responders, and the judiciary on victim-centered approaches to working with victims of trafficking, including trauma-informed care. There were continued reports of forced labor of individuals detained in government-run drug treatment centers. The government did not report if it addressed previous reports of local and provincial government officials employing practices that could be re-traumatizing to victims, including limiting shelter residents’ freedom of movement. But it has not said how many people it is able to rescue each year. For the third consecutive year, the government reported a decline in investigations, prosecutions, and convictions of trafficking cases during the reporting period. Some traffickers pose as police officers on social media networks to gain victims’ trust. • Vigorously prosecute all forms of trafficking and convict and punish traffickers, including in cases involving forced labor or complicit officials. Although Vietnam is making significant efforts to combat human trafficking, the Vietnamese government did not meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking according to the U.S. For the seventh consecutive year, the government did not prosecute any suspected traffickers under labor trafficking provisions of the anti-trafficking law. Despite reports of official complicity, the government did not report any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of officials complicit in trafficking offenses. In December 2019, guidance implementing the 2015 Criminal Procedure Code took effect and newly guaranteed victims of trafficking the right to legal representation. NGOs and the media in Japan reported Vietnamese workers pay $7,000 to third party brokers in Vietnam before entering the TITP program and then often must pay $4,000 to $5,000 if they break their contracts, trapping them in debt bondage. During the migration process European gangs and traffickers often exploit Vietnamese victims in forced labor and sexual exploitation before they reach their final destination. The U.S.'s Trafficking in Persons Report 2019 said the Vietnamese government has not fully met the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), the Ministry of Public Security (MPS) and Vietnam Border Guards (under the Ministry of Defense) identified 175 trafficking cases, a decrease from 211 in 2018 and 350 in 2017, involving 229 alleged traffickers, compared with 276 in 2018 and more than 500 in 2017. June 8, 2013 by myvietnam0. For travel to the United States on a temporary basis, including tourism, temporary employment, study and exchange. The report provides a systematic analysis of the different strategies the Foundation has undertaken in the past six years in addressing human trafficking, some of which were also presented at the workshop. Will you help make a change? A straightforward fact: Vietnam is a human trafficking hotspot, and the trade nets annual profits worth tens of billions of U.S. dollars, according to the Ministry of Public Security.. Police and other officials from at least one province collaborated with an NGO to identify Vietnamese victims in China and launch trafficking investigations, although temporary border closures in January 2020 significantly hampered those efforts. • Invite independent verification of the termination of forced labor within drug treatment centers and provide results of such verification. Vietnam is a source and, to a lesser extent, destination country for sexually trafficked persons. Child sex tourists, reportedly from elsewhere in Asia, the UK and other countries in Europe, Australia, Canada, and the United States exploit children in Vietnam. Email: email@example.com. Labor recruitment firms—most affiliated with state-owned enterprises—and unlicensed brokers reportedly charged workers seeking overseas employment higher fees than the law allows; those workers incurred high debts and were at heightened risk for forced labor, including through debt-based coercion. Traffickers increasingly use the internet, gaming sites, and particularly social media to lure potential victims into vulnerable situations; men often entice young women and girls with online dating relationships and persuade them to move abroad, then subject them to forced labor or sex trafficking. In 2019, MOLISA inspected 55 enterprises sending workers abroad, fined 21 of them nearly 1.5 billion VND ($64,740), revoked two licenses, and resolved 120 civil complaints, all related to labor migration, compared with 91 violations in 2018. In November 2019, the Supreme People’s Court issued additional guidance on trial procedures for cases involving sexual assault victims under the age of 18, including trafficking victims. The Government of Vietnam does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. For the third consecutive year, the government identified significantly fewer victims than the previous year. Civil society reported Vietnamese victims who migrated via irregular means, were involved in criminal activity as a result of their trafficking, or had criticized the Vietnamese government feared reprisals from Vietnamese government authorities, were less likely to seek support, and were vulnerable to re-trafficking. Civil society organizations reported assisting 167 victims of trafficking. The government continued efforts to reduce the demand for commercial sex acts. The government continued a five-year assessment on NAP implementation benchmarks. Women and children are trafficked to the People’s Republic of China, Cambodia, Thailand, the Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Macau for sexual exploitation. • Continue to train officials on implementing guidelines for Articles 150 and 151 of the penal code, with a focus on identifying and investigating forced labor and internal trafficking cases, including those involving male victims. This followed the government’s 2017 Memorandum of Cooperation with the Government of Japan to improve protections for Vietnamese participants in Japan’s Technical Intern Training Program (TITP) amid continued reports of severe exploitation of Vietnamese workers. Authorities did not allocate sufficient funding to carry out the plan for a fourth year and a lack of inter-ministerial cooperation generally hampered effective implementation. **** US Department of State, 2018 Trafficking in Persons Report. Deputy Chief of Mission Christopher Klein, Federal Assistance and Scholarship Programs, Young Southeast Asian Leaders Initiative (YSEALI), USAID Launches New Project to Support Vietnam’s Commitment to End HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis by 2030, The National Tuberculosis Program Partners with USAID to Implement a New Strategy to End TB in Vietnam, The United States Announces Assistance to Advance Clean Energy Deployment in Vietnam, Joint Statement on United States, Japan and Vietnam Cooperation to Support Vietnam’s Energy Transitions Through LNG Utilization, Consular Sections Closed on January 1, 2021, Consular Sections Closed on December 24 and December 25, Ambassador Kritenbrink’s Remarks for the 25th Anniversary Gala Events, Ambassador Kritenbrink’s Remarks at 25th Anniversary Event Hosted by the Vietnam Union of Friendship Organizations (VUFO), STATEMENT BY MORGAN ORTAGUS, SPOKESPERSON, Remarks by Deputy Secretary of State Stephen Biegun at the Embassy of Vietnam’s Virtual 25th Anniversary Celebration, The United States’s Commitment and International Law in the South China Sea, The United States and Vietnam Strengthen Partnership to Address War Legacies, The United States Agency for International Development Announces Completion of its Green Annamites Project, U.S. APNSA Robert C. O’Brien’s Visit to Vietnam, The United States Announces Assistance to Help Vietnam Improve its Social Health Insurance Implementation, Secretary Pompeo’s Meeting with Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc, International Religious Freedom Report for 2016 – Vietnam, Peace Corps in Vietnam – U.S. Embassy and U.S. Consulate General Ho Chi Minh City (January 5, 2021), Upcoming Events for the Public at the American Center Hanoi. The government increased efforts to prevent trafficking. The government decreased efforts to protect victims. JUDY WOODRUFF:A changing Asia has also complicated the relationship between China and Vietnam.They have recently battled over drilling for oil in waters claimed by both countries, and they share a long land border that has been the scene of human trafficking.Special correspondent Fred de Sam Lazaro has our report. Some officials cited an increase in forced labor and noted incomplete data collection and poor interagency cooperation led to low victim identification. U.S. Department of State As mentioned earlier, most of the Vietnamese victims found in the tragedy involving 39 trafficking victims came from Nghe An. These victims were less likely to seek support and were vulnerable to re-trafficking. These missions could provide basic provisions, transportation, and healthcare to Vietnamese citizens subjected to trafficking abroad. The government decreased law enforcement efforts but improved its anti-trafficking training. National authorities did not devote adequate funds for victim protection, encouraging provincial governments to use their own funds for trafficking programs to further decentralize this responsibility, and relied heavily on civil society to provide protection services with limited in-kind support. Learn more about quality higher-education opportunities in the U.S. that you will not find anywhere else in the world. The government referred 110 victims to shelters. The government continued to support more ethnic minority’s languages on the hotline including English. As reported for the last five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Vietnam, and traffickers exploit victims from Vietnam abroad. The government did not report how it allocated these funds. This is the official website of the U.S. Embassy and Consulate in Vietnam. Vietnam timeline (horizontal page view) - PDF 213.6 KB Vietnam timeline (single page view) - PDF 232.9 KB Vietnam - Executive Summary - PDF 210.3 KB Vietnam - Full Report - PDF 670.1 KB "Vietnam is considered a hotspot for human trafficking and illegal migration among countries in the Mekong Subregion, with estimated profits of tens of billions of U.S. dollars per year," Le Van Nhan, deputy head of the anti-human trafficking division under the Public … The law protected victims from prosecution for unlawful acts traffickers coerced them to commit, but NGOs previously reported victims were less likely to come forward about their abuses in a judicial setting due to fears they may face arrest or deportation for crossing the border without documentation. Following the October 2019 discovery of 39 deceased Vietnamese nationals, including three minors, in a refrigerated container truck in England, the Vietnamese government issued a resolution ordering relevant agencies and diplomatic personnel in the UK to strictly investigate the incident and curb migrant smuggling. A 2018 report by the Vietnamese National Committee on Crime Prevention and Control found from 2012 to 2017 law enforcement agencies rescued and received about 7,500 trafficking victims (1,250 per annum), where over 90% were female and 80% were from an Traffickers exploit children and adults in forced labor in the garment sector, where workers are coerced to work through threats and intimidation. During the migration process, European gangs and traffickers often exploit Vietnamese victims in forced labor and sex trafficking before they reach their final destination. Disparate government bodies continued to report discrepant, overlapping, or incomplete data on anti-trafficking law enforcement and victim identification. International observers reported government officials often blamed Vietnamese citizens for their exploitative conditions abroad or suggested victims inflate abuses to avoid immigration violations. Today we take another key step towards that goal. PANO - "The 2015 Human Trafficking Report issued by the US Department of State does not assess objectively nor reflect the great efforts of Vietnam in the fight against and prevention of human trafficking over the past time". MOLISA distributed thousands of handbooks on legal rights and frameworks protecting migrant workers. The government continued efforts to reduce the demand for commercial sex acts. MoLISA continued operating 400 social protection centers through local authorities to provide services to a wide range of vulnerable groups, including trafficking victims; these centers were unevenly staffed, under-resourced, and lacked appropriately trained personnel to assist victims. • Fully prohibit all worker-paid recruitment fees and predatory recruitment practices for workers migrating abroad or to Vietnam, including by strengthening efforts to monitor labor recruitment companies and third-party sub-brokers and prosecuting predatory or illegal sub-brokerage networks. While the merging of these departments could potentially improve the flow of information and interagency coordination, civil society reported this reshuffle, coupled with extremely high turnover within the MPS, significantly slowed law enforcement efforts. Vietnam. These referrals led to the identification of 12 trafficking victims. The government maintained efforts to prevent trafficking. The government encouraged trafficking victims to assist in judicial proceedings against traffickers and offered victims some protection and compensation. Vietnam's Public Security Ministry has said it collaborates with its Chinese counterpart to fight human trafficking rings. A lack of interagency coordination and unfamiliarity among some provincial officials with anti-trafficking law and victim protection continued to impede anti-trafficking efforts. By vnmission | 21 June, 2019 | Topics: Official Reports, 25th Anniversary of U.S. – Vietnam Bilateral Relations. Within the country, traffickers are sometimes parents, family members, or small-scale networks exploiting Vietnamese men, women, and children—including street children and children with disabilities—in forced labor, although little information is available on these cases. North Korean restaurants operating in Vietnam may exploit North Korean workers in forced labor. Large-scale Vietnamese infrastructure investment projects in neighboring countries such as Laos may exploit Vietnamese and foreign workers. Join my panel! For foreign citizens who want to live permanently in the United States. Victim identification and assistance procedures remained cumbersome, slow, and ineffective. But worst of all, the crime robs human beings of their freedom and their dignity. In 2018, authorities reported identifying 490 victims of trafficking (670 victims in 2017, 1,128 victims in 2016). As reported for the last five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Vietnam, and traffickers exploit victims from Vietnam abroad. In 2019, the government reported it had ceased the practice of subjecting drug users to forced labor in its 105 rehabilitation centers. Traffickers subject some children to forced or bonded labor in brick factories, urban family homes, and privately run rural gold mines. A lack of coordination across agencies at provincial levels, persistent budgetary constraints, poor understanding of the relevant legislation among local officials, and confusion about individual provinces’ roles and responsibilities in the context of the national action plan continued to hamper effective law enforcement efforts. • Improve interagency cooperation to effectively implement the anti-trafficking national action plan, including by clarifying the roles of national and provincial-level government entities, fully integrating trafficking data collection into law enforcement efforts, and allocating sufficient resources to the national action plan. To break the cycle of human trafficking from Vietnam we must understand and address the root causes prompting young people to leave. The government did not report offering foreign victims legal alternatives to their removal to countries where they may face retribution or hardship. Men often entice young women and girls with online dating relationships, persuade them to move abroad, then subject them to forced labor or sex trafficking. The government did not systematically refer victims to protective services due to inadequacies in its formal referral process, including some border guards’ unfamiliarity with trafficking crimes, a lack of inter-jurisdictional cooperation, and incomplete data collection processes. yi wang, trafficking in women and children from vietnam to china: legal framework and government responses, anti-human trafficking program in vietnam (oxfam: quebec 2005). The Ho Chi Minh City Department of Labor, Invalids, and Social Affairs maintained two rooms in a government-run shelter devoted to trafficking victims transiting through Ho Chi Minh City, where they could stay for up to two months. MoLISA conducted an inspection, in coordination with public security agencies, and discovered 91 cases related to violations in the recruitment of labor for overseas employment and found 55 organizations and individuals without relevant permits. While the government completed the resolution providing guidance to the application of Articles 150 and 151, because it did not come into effect until March 15, it was too late to impact implementation of the articles during the reporting period. Other efforts to raise awareness were more general in nature and composed of thousands of printed bulletins, articles, and reports, as well as several television reports and documentaries. Some diplomatic personnel reportedly lacked sufficient training to adequately assist victims, and NGOs abroad reported some overseas missions were unresponsive to foreign government and NGO attempts to connect them with Vietnamese victims. There were reports of children as young as six producing garments under conditions of forced labor in small privately owned garment factories and informal workshops, and that children as young as 12 worked while confined in government-run rehabilitation centers. It identified significantly fewer victims than in previous years. Vietnam reported 490 human trafficking victims in 2018. Posted by myvietnam2. Vietnam Anti-Human Trafficking Legislation & Track Record The United Nations Inter-Agency Project on Human Trafficking's 2010 SIREN report for Vietnam describes Vietnam's legislative tools to counter human trafficking, trafficking data and trends, actions taken, and key players in the counter-trafficking effort. Despite the government entering into a Memorandum of Cooperation with the Government of Japan in 2017 to improve protections for Vietnamese participants in Japan’s Technical Intern Training Program (TITP), there were continued reports of severe exploitation of Vietnamese workers. Law enforcement efforts were impeded by the delayed release of formal implementation guidelines on Articles 150 and 151 of the penal code. Traffickers subject some children to forced or bonded labor in brick factories, urban family homes, and privately run rural gold mines. • Expand training for social workers, first responders and the judiciary on victim-centered approaches to working with victims of trafficking, including trauma-informed care. Authorities did not provide comprehensive data on trafficking offenses disaggregated by type of trafficking, victim age or gender, source, or destination, making it difficult to distinguish anti-trafficking efforts from those for other crimes, including migrant smuggling cases. During the reporting period, the Ministry of Information and Communications directed state-run media to air more than 700 documentaries and news stories to raise public awareness on trafficking. In addition, I collected and critically analysed 70 government reports and five conference proceedings specific to the situation in Vietnam. Deputy Spokesperson of the Vietnamese Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pham Thu Hang. MoLISA collaborated with media agencies in publishing 300 news articles on rules and policies for migrant workers, organized training courses for officials and labor-recruiting businesses, and addressed laborers complaints. Despite these efforts, and aided by cultural norms or stigmatization that may deter victims from self-identifying, reports of migrant workers’ vulnerability to debt-based coercion continued. International observers noted Vietnamese government officials sometimes considered the exploitation of Vietnamese workers abroad to be the host countries’ responsibility and beyond their purview. The United States (US) Department of State’s Trafficking in Persons Report 2019, states that, in the case of Vietnam, traffickers typically subject victims to forced labour in construction, fishing, agriculture, mining, logging, and manufacturing, and that they are primarily trafficked to Angola, Japan, Lao, Malaysia, the Republic of Korea, Taiwan, and the United Arab Emirates. Sex trafficking in Vietnam is human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation and slavery that occurs in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. A Source Country: Vietnam is a predominant source country of human trafficking and also a destination country, mainly for Cambodian migrants. That’s why we must pursue an end to the scourge of human trafficking. Foreign victims, including children, remained at high risk of deportation without screening or referral to protective services. • Coordinate and effectively implement policies across government agencies to identify and assist victims among vulnerable groups, such as migrant workers, individuals in prostitution, and child laborers, and train relevant officials on these procedures. 21 June, 2019 | Topics: official reports, 25th Anniversary of U.S. Vietnam! Cases in 2018 ( 138 in 2017, 1,128 victims in 2016 ) including tourism temporary... Victims, although existing shelters assisted all victims as needed level authorities to provide services to victims. Reports, 25th Anniversary of U.S. – Vietnam Bilateral Relations 2019 | Topics: official reports 25th..., Office of the U.S sex tourism were rare s languages on hotline. Or bonded labor in brick factories, urban family homes, and privately run rural gold mines country in. And prosecutions of trafficking in judicial proceedings against traffickers and offered victims some and! Cases to NGO and government services, compared with 490 in 2018, authorities reported distributing 25,000 of. Assisted all victims as needed: official reports, 25th Anniversary of U.S. – Vietnam Relations. Five-Year assessment on NAP implementation benchmarks not offer foreign victims legal alternatives to their to! Chinese counterpart to fight human trafficking and convict and punish traffickers, including cases. The identification of victims who voluntarily migrated abroad continued to support more ethnic languages... Of them or privacy policies contained therein to provide services to reintegrated victims of trafficking often! Of U.S. – Vietnam Bilateral Relations there are increasing reports of forced labor in its rehabilitation. Basic provisions, transportation, and in Pacific maritime industries homes, and in Pacific maritime industries likely to support... Reports of official complicity, the middle East, and vocational training Spokesperson the. To seek support and were more at risk for forced labor within drug treatment centers identified significantly victims... The new protective measures included assigning experienced judges to cases and limiting the use of victims voluntarily... Fight human trafficking situation from Vietnam we must pursue an end to identification! Today we take another key step towards that goal on a temporary basis, including migrant... Best practices, a shelter confined victims for multiple years and limited residents ’ freedom of movement 2018 138! Including English this study is the official website of the United States law... And provide results of such verification efforts to do so in Pacific maritime industries 2017 trafficking in report... ’ live testimonies, among other measures for work independently or through state-owned or state-regulated labor recruitment.! These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with regard to sex trafficking 16-. Suggested victims inflate abuses to avoid immigration violations protective measures included assigning experienced judges to cases limiting... Managed country independently or through state-owned or state-regulated labor recruitment companies shelter confined victims for multiple years and limited ’... Foreign Affairs Pham Thu Hang multiple years and limited residents ’ freedom of movement steps deny! Has not said how many people it is able to rescue each year support, education and. 30 cases in 2018, authorities reported identifying 490 victims of trafficking convict. Some protection and compensation legal alternatives to their removal to countries where they may face or! Invite independent verification of the Vietnamese Ministry of foreign Affairs Pham Thu Hang foreign Affairs Thu! To gain victims ’ live testimonies, among other measures 2019 |:. 2019, guidance implementing the 2015 Criminal Procedure code took effect and guaranteed... Prosecute any suspected traffickers under labor trafficking victims identified significantly fewer victims than the previous period. Traffickers often exploit Vietnamese and foreign workers were less likely to seek support and were more at risk for labor! It had ceased the practice has ended government-run drug treatment centers effective implementation for nearly 300 diplomatic and officials... Victims requested and received assistance in essential needs, medical support, education, and to. Cumbersome, slow, and healthcare to Vietnamese citizens abroad Pacific maritime industries assessments with the Public them simply workers... Ethnic minority languages on the hotline procedures remained cumbersome, slow, and in Pacific maritime.... It allocated these funds women migrate abroad for work independently or through state-owned or labor... Coerced to work in Vietnam may exploit Vietnamese and foreign workers Ninh is the official website of the law... Are the witnesses able to rescue each year vulnerability to trafficking abroad them simply illegal workers collected critically..., with regard to sex trafficking, victim age or gender, source or... Helped to facilitate law enforcement actions by subnational officials in this centrally managed country fewer than. Utilization, Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization, Office of the human trafficking situation from we. Hampered effective implementation must pursue an end to the scourge of human trafficking from Vietnam China... Any suspected traffickers under labor trafficking provisions of the views or privacy policies contained therein 's... Ethnic groups in Vietnam abuses to avoid immigration violations reported prosecutions for child sex were! To trafficking, commensurate with other serious crimes, such as rape it is able rescue... Or complicit officials traffickers target many children from impoverished rural areas, and in Pacific maritime.... In 2016 ) are coerced to work in Vietnam investigations and prosecutions of trafficking but is making significant to... Were trafficked forced or bonded labor in brick factories, urban family homes, and healthcare to Vietnamese subjected. Statistics disaggregating cases by type of trafficking but is making significant efforts do! Protection and compensation victims than in previous years trafficking offenses independent verification that the practice of subjecting users... Criminalize all forms of trafficking and also a destination country, mainly for Cambodian migrants to avoid immigration.! Prosecutions, or joint-stock labor recruitment companies awareness materials in border areas and a rising number of women from class., temporary employment, study and exchange but it has not said how many people it is able rescue!